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Soviets’ Vostok, Apollo 11 rocket and today’s SpaceX Crew Dragon – how space travel has changed

Technology The Sun tech

SPACE travel has changed a lot since the Soviets launched the first man into space in 1961. Since then, mankind has landed 12 people on the Moon and invented rockets with high-tech reusable parts. We’ve put together a timeline of some of the biggest
'SPACE travel has changed a lot since the Soviets launched the first man into space in 1961. Since then, mankind has landed 12 people on the Moon and invented rockets with high-tech reusable parts. How the Apollo 11 and Falcon 9 rockets line up We’ve put together a timeline of some of the biggest changes to space travel since man first made it to orbit. Soviet Vostok (1961) Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man to journey into space in 1961. He did so aboard a Soviet Vostok spaceship, which fired him beyond Earth’s atmosphere for a 108-minute space trip. In that time, the Vostok capsule carried out one orbit of Earth and reached 208 miles above our planet’s surface. Handout The Vostok 1 rocket fired cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin into space in 1961[/caption] Getty - Contributor Astronaut Yuri Gagarin, pictured, was the first man to journey into space in 1961[/caption] Vostok 1 was a crude circular space capsule designed to eliminate changes in its centre of gravity. This helped provide maximum comfort for its solo passenger on his bumpy ride to and from Earth. Unlike most spacecraft today, Vostok 1 didn’t have any thrusters to slow it down as it re-entered the atmosphere. This meant Gagarin had to eject from the craft four miles above Earth and land under parachutes. The Russians needed a manned landing for the achievement to count as the first manned space flight, and so Gagarin’s ejector landing was left out of official press releases. Nasa Saturn V (1967-1973) Reuters The Apollo 11 Saturn V lifts off in 1969 ahead of man’s first steps on the Moon[/caption] Reuters Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin standing on the Moon in 1969[/caption] The mighty Saturn V was first used by Nasa in 1967 and was the rocket that ultimately took humanity to the Moon. At 110 metres tall, the Saturn V is the tallest rocket ever built despite being discontinued more than 45 years ago. A total of 13 flights were launched with the rocket from 1967 until 1973. It carried several Apollo Moon missions as well as the Skylab space station. \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t Apollo 11 mission – the key facts \t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\tHere's what you need to know..\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t Apollo 11 is the name for the mission that landed the first two people on the Moon The spaceflight was manned by Command Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin, both Americans They landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969 and 8.17pm UTC Armstrong became the first person to set food on the lunar surface six hours later He was then joined by Aldrin a further 19 minutes later The pair spent roughly two hours and 15 minutes together outside the spacecraft, collecting lunar material to bring back to Earth And in total, they spent 21.5 hours on the lunar surface before rejoining the command module Columbia in lunar orbit Armstrong’s first step onto the lunar surface was broadcast live on TV to the world He famously described the moment as “one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind” \t\t \t \t Apollo 11’s mission to the Moon explained Each launch cost £150million at the time – just under £1billion in today’s money. The Saturn V is most famous for its role in the 1969 Apollo 11 Moon landings. It carried three astronauts including Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to the lunar surface where they became the first men to set foot on the Moon. According to Nasa, a car that gets 30 miles to the gallon could drive around the world 800 times with the amount of fuel the Saturn V used for a lunar landing mission. Nasa Space Shuttle (1981-2011) Nasa Nasa’s Space Shuttle System operated from 1981 to 2011[/caption] After the Saturn V programme was shutdown, Nasa got to work on a new rocket. It cooked up the iconic Space Shuttle launch system, which flew astronauts, satellites and more into space from 1981 to 2011. At around £360million per mission, the Shuttle was significantly cheaper to launch than Saturn. This was largely due to its smaller size – the system was just 56 metres tall, making it shorter than even today’s SpaceX rockets. The system is most famous for the 1986 Challenger shuttle disaster, in which a rocket exploded mid-launch, killing all seven astronauts on board. SpaceX Falcon 9 (2010-present) SpaceX SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket has reusable parts to make it cheaper to launch[/caption] The Falcon 9 is built by the private rocket firm SpaceX. Bankrolled by billionaire Elon Musk, who also runs Tesla, the company aims to make space travel cheaper. The Falcon 9 is the company’s first rocket, and has flown more than 50 successful commercial flights since 2010. Each spacecraft is around 70 metres high and can carry satellites and other cargo into orbit. \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t It has a reusable first stage that uses artificial intelligence to land back on Earth after launch. SpaceX charges around £50million for a spot on one of its Falcon 9 flights. The firm has yet to launch any people into space, though it plans to fire astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) by 2020. Falcon 9 is one of the two rockets operated by SpaceX. Its enormous Falcon Heavy spacecraft launched on its first commercial flight earlier this year. Getty - Contributor SpaceX is owned and operated by billionaire Tesla boss Elon Musk[/caption] \t \t\t \t\t \t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t TOP STORIES IN SCIENCE \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t‘MISTAKES HAPPEN’\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tGovt 'sorry' for 6-month porn block delay after forgetting to tell EU\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tMODEL CITIZENs\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tAncient Rome recreated in exquisite detail in model that took 35 years\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tLOO-NAR LANDING\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tMoon Landing astronauts had NO toilet just taped bum bags and 'pee condoms'\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t'SHE-3POS' JOB GRAB\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tWomen are 'twice as likely to lose their jobs to robots as men are'\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tBUGGED!\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tMajor Instagram flaw allowed hackers to hijack ANY account in just 10 minutes\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tONE SMALL STEP FOR HAM\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tSpace geek discovers PIG on Mars in NASA pictures of the Red Planet\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t \t \t \t \t In other news, a Nasa report revealed yesterday that Apollo 11 astronauts had no toilet and instead relieved themselves using bags taped to bums and “pee condoms”. Nasa’s Hubble Space Telescope recently spotted a supermassive black hole that shouldn’t actually exist . And,  here’s why some people still think the Moon landings were faked 50 years later – and the man who started the hoax theory. Which spaceship is your favourite? Let us know in the comments! We pay for your stories! Do you have a story for The Sun Online news team? Email us at tips@the-sun.co.uk or call 0207 782 4368 . We pay for videos too. Click here to upload yours.'

3 Ways to Maximize Your Impact With New Technology

Technology Giving Compass


'Giving Compass’ Take: • Kevin Xu explains how nonprofit organizations can focus their time and resources to maximize their impact with new technology.  • Is your organization getting the most out of the technology you use?What improvements could increase your impact?  • Read about the benefits of technology for nonprofits .  Nonprofit organizations and other philanthropic initiatives can serve as fantastic vehicles to introduce new technology to the global community.Here are a few practices to help determine where to best spend energies and funds for maximum impact: Scope out your contemporaries.Look to other networks doing similar work.What platforms have they deemed the right fit, and do those seem to be working well for them?Keeping the nonprofits’ objectives in mind, consider how organizations leverage various tech options to achieve their own ends.Collaborate with entrepreneurs.Countless businesses have begun to realize the importance of giving back, leading more entrepreneurs to connect with nonprofit efforts that align their passions with social impact.Use technology, such as cloud applications, to collaborate and work with those entrepreneurs.Even when they or you don’t create individual initiatives, find ways that technology can be applied to help others outside of the original for-profit purpose.Focus on scalability.Remember that no matter how unique an idea might seem, success requires a plan that will grow smoothly as the organization does.Implement a system within your nonprofit that can be standardized and replicated across multiple offices and teams without massive reworking.Read the full article about maximizing impact with new technology by Kevin Xu at Forbes. . The post 3 Ways to Maximize Your Impact With New Technology appeared first on Giving Compass .'

Amazon Prime Day 2019 – Xbox One S bundle with TWO games is £100 OFF

Technology The Sun tech

CONSOLE deals can be hard to come by – but you can now get an Xbox S 1TB with two games and a headset for just £199. The bundle is one of the gems we’ve uncovered this Amazon Prime Day, and it knocks over £100 off the regular price. The deal means
'CONSOLE deals can be hard to come by – but you can now get an Xbox S 1TB with two games and a headset for just £199. The bundle is one of the gems we’ve uncovered this Amazon Prime Day , and it knocks over £100 off the regular price. The Xbox one S 1TB bundle is the best console deal so far, with a £100 saving The deal means you’ll get a console and one controller, plus the latest instalment in the MK series, Mortal Kombat 11. You’ll also get Ubisoft’s open world action RPG, The Division 2, and a chat headset. To take advantage you need to be an Amazon Prime member, so if you’re not you’ll need to join first . Xbox One S 1TB bundle, £199 (save £110) – buy now The bundle includes Mortal Kombat 11, The Division 2 and a chat headset Things have been quiet on the console front for Prime Day so far, so this could turn out to be the best deal we see before the event ends. It’s certainly a strong offer if you fancy treating yourself to a console, or if you’ve been waiting on a decent price for the latest Xbox version. And with the new Xbox not slated for launch until around Christmas 2020, you can still get around 18 months of good gaming time in. Presumably the deal will run until Prime day ends at midnight Tuesday 16 – stock depending – so, if you’re not sure you might want to hold on to see if something else takes your fancy. Of course we’ll keep looking ourselves, for all things Gaming and Tech related, so keep checking back for our picks of the latest offers. Xbox One S 1TB bundle, £199 (save £110) – buy now \t \t\t \t\t\t Best Prime Day deals in 2019 \t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\tWe've taken the leg work out of Prime Day 2019 by rounding up some of the best deals for you\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t Tech Beauty Gaming Garden Alcohol Toys \t\t \t \t\t \t\t \t\t \t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t POPULAR IN GAMING \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\ttech time\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tThe best tech deals you can find on Prime Day 2019\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tgame on\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tThe best gaming deals you can get on Prime Day 2019\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tPHONE ZONE\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tGoogle app for playing Xbox and PS4 games ANYWHERE only works on four phones\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tSWEET JESUS\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tCandy Crush addicts reveal they play for 12 hours a day and hide game from wife\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tGOLDEN AGE\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tNintendo hints N64 Mini and GameCube Mini might be on the way\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tDAYLIGHT ROBBERY\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tYou can now get FREE cash in GTA Online and RDR Online with Amazon Prime\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tNEXT BOX\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tPlayStation 5 rumours – here's what to expect from Sony's next Xbox rival\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tMEME MACHINE\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tBrit Insta star's '£250k' career – from shower selfies to flogging bath water\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tGAME FACE\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tWhat is Fortnite and how many children play the video game?\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tWurm Information\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tHere's how to evolve your Wurmple after Pokémon Go's latest update\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t \t \t \t \t Microsoft might be working on a ‘super-cheap’ Xbox 2 which could cost just £50 . Find out which games Xbox Gold members can get for free during July, in our roundup . A senior Japanese games producer has said that the next generation of consoles won’t contain anything “disruptive or super innovative “. All prices in this article were correct at the time of writing, but may have since changed. Always do your own research before making any purchase. Have you spotted any great tech deals recently? If so, let us know in the comments!'

How One City is Bringing Tech Training to Scale to Attract Businesses

Technology Giving Compass


'Giving Compass’ Take: • Shailaja Neelakantan explains how Louisville, Kentucky is working to attract tech companies by partnering with educational institutions to train the workforce.  • How can other cities improve their tech workforces?What does your city need to attract businesses?  • Learn how tech training can help moms re-enter the workforce .  In the last couple of years, when Louisville, Kentucky, found itself low on the list of desirable cities where large companies might want to set up offices, Mayor Greg Fischer had to take a hard look at the reason his bailiwick was losing out.Turns out, this part of the country — home to Fort Knox, bourbon whiskey and a legendary derby — is woefully short of tech workers.And it’s not just technology companies that are in need.Consider these statistics: The city has just 79% of the technology jobs it should have for a metro of its size, per the mayor’s office.And in the last decade, it added a mere 17,000 jobs in the professional scientific technical services, compared with neighboring Nashville that generated 75,000 such jobs, Indianapolis that added 50,000 and Cincinnati that gained 29,000, said Uric Dufrene, executive vice chancellor for academic affairs at Indiana University Southeast, citing federal data.To make up the gap, Louisville would need to put efforts to expand its tech talent pipeline into overdrive, adding around 1,500 jobs annually for four years, based on city estimates.For help doing so, Fischer called on local schools, higher education institutions, nonprofits and employer partners.An announcement of the launch of LouTechWorks offers an early look at how the group is tackling the issue.Rather than tweak STEM curricula to the needs of specific employers, as is happening around the U.S., the initiative is about promoting existing technology education options to make tech a desirable career. “To compete — and win — in the economy of the future, Louisville must greatly expand the number of technology jobs and radically scale our training platform, in partnership with employers, education partners and others,” Fischer said in the announcement.He called LouTechWorks “the first step” in doing so.Read the full article about bringing tech training to scale  by Shailaja Neelakantan at Education Dive. . The post How One City is Bringing Tech Training to Scale to Attract Businesses appeared first on Giving Compass .'

Apollo 11 Moon Landing astronauts coped with NO toilet and used bags taped to bums and ‘pee condoms’, Nasa report reveals

Technology The Sun tech

NO conventional toilet was designed for the Moon Landing mission of 1969 meaning the astronauts had to use a variety of other contraptions to relieve themselves. The processes of peeing and pooing both had to revolve around a bag system, which
'NO conventional toilet was designed for the Moon Landing mission of 1969 meaning the astronauts had to use a variety of other contraptions to relieve themselves. The processes of peeing and pooing both had to revolve around a bag system, which apparently resulted in spillages. NASA The space urine bag has a little hose attached[/caption] According to Business Insider , an official NASA report stated: “Defecation and urination have been bothersome aspects of space travel from the beginning of manned space flight.” To wee, astronauts had to use something that looked like a large condom that was attached to a bag with a short hose. This condom had to be replaced daily for hygiene purposes. No female friendly version was designed because all the astronauts were men. Peeing in space often led to spillages NASA This was one of the Apollo urine collection system[/caption] Getting rid of faeces sounds like an equally if not more messy process. Nasa explained: “In the absence of a system providing positive means for the removal of faeces from the body, an extremely basic system had to be relied upon for in-flight faecal collection. “The device used was a plastic bag which was taped to the buttocks to capture faeces.” The bag had built in figure coverings to avoid the astronauts getting messy hands while they positioned the bag and a special compartment for toilet paper. The astronauts had a flap at the back of their space suit that they had to open and fit the bag in, causing the process to take around 45 minutes. AFP The first astronaut on the Moon was technically wearing an ‘adult nappy’[/caption] Toilets weren’t actually installed on US spaceships until the space shuttle got one in the 1980s. According to one NASA transcript , during the Apollo 10 mission in May 1969, astronaut Tom Stafford shouted “Get me a napkin quick. There’s a turd floating through the air.” This may seem like a fairly amusing fact but it pales in comparison when you learn that Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin basically had to wear nappies when they walked on the moon. NASA Maximum absorption garments like this are still worn by astronauts on space walks and during launches and landings[/caption] The Apollo astronauts had to wear a “faecal containment system” when they were on the Moon for 21 hours and 36 minutes but we don’t actually know if they used them. However, Buzz Aldrin once said: “It’s lonely as hell out there. I peed in my pants.” AP:Associated Press The space suits had special excretion flaps built in[/caption] Nasa insisted that all faeces produced on the mission should be brought back to Earth for observation. This meant that once the astronauts had finished using a “faecal bag” they had to knead it and then roll it up really small so it could be efficiently taken back to Earth. Nasa’s report says that the astronauts weren’t fond of this system and that odour was a constant issue. \t \t\t \t\t\t Apollo 11 mission – the key facts \t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\tHere's what you need to know..\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t Apollo 11 is the name for the mission that landed the first two people on the Moon The spaceflight was manned by Command Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin, both Americans They landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969 and 8.17pm UTC Armstrong became the first person to set food on the lunar surface six hours later He was then joined by Aldrin a further 19 minutes later The pair spent roughly two hours and 15 minutes together outside the spacecraft, collecting lunar material to bring back to Earth And in total, they spent 21.5 hours on the lunar surface before rejoining the command module Columbia in lunar orbit Armstrong’s first step onto the lunar surface was broadcast live on TV to the world He famously described the moment as “one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind” \t\t \t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t \t\t \t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t TOP STORIES IN SCIENCE \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tONE SMALL STEP FOR HAM\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tSpace geek discovers PIG on Mars in NASA pictures of the Red Planet\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tMODEL CITIZENs\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tAncient Rome recreated in exquisite detail in model ever that took 35 years\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tGONE DELHI UP\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tIndia scraps moon mission at last minute as launchpad glitch grounds rocket\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tWE'VE P-P-P-PICKED IT UP\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tSun reader spots a penguin on MARS and sparks awkward questions\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tCOLD WAR-NING\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tMystery 'clouds' rise from Soviet sub wreck as nuclear waste leaks into ocean\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tROCKY HORROR\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\tHuge asteroid could hit Earth THIS YEAR and 'flatten area bigger than London'\t\t\t \t\t\t \t \t \t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t \t\t\t \t\t \t \t \t \t In other news, a Mars fan thinks they’ve spotted a pig on the red planet after trawling through pictures . Nasa’s Hubble Space Telescope has spotted a supermassive black hole that defies current theories about the universe and shouldn’t actually exist . And, here’s why some people still think the Moon landings were faked 50 years later – and the man who started the ‘hoax’ theory. What do you think of these astronaut toilet options? Let us know in the comments… We pay for your stories! Do you have a story for The Sun Online news team? Email us at tips@the-sun.co.uk or call 0207 782 4368 . We pay for videos too. Click here to upload yours.'