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New Finnish Study Finds Human Activity Has Minor Influence on Global Temperature Change

Space Environment | The Epoch Times

A Finnish study done by researchers at the University of Turku found that mankind only accounts for a minute portion of the global temperature change over the past 100 years. Jyrki Kauppinen and Pekka Malmi from the Department of Physics and
'A Finnish study done by researchers at the University of Turku found that mankind only accounts for a minute portion of the global temperature change over the past 100 years. Jyrki Kauppinen and Pekka Malmi from the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, claim in their paper ( pdf ), entitled “No experimental evidence for the significant anthropogenic (man-made) climate change,” published on June 29. “The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) climate sensitivity is about one order of magnitude (i.e. 10 times) too high, because a strong negative feedback of the clouds is missing in climate models. If we pay attention to the fact that only a small part of the increased CO2 concentration is anthropogenic, we have to recognize that the anthropogenic climate change does not exist in practice.” According to the study, even though the global temperature has risen by 0.1 degrees celsius the past 100 years, human activity only accounts for a tenth of that amount, about 0.01 degrees celsius, a negligible amount. They claim that the IPCC’s findings overestimate the influence of CO2 on climate change and human activities which contribute to the global temperature rise. Furthermore, they claim that they have only used experimental evidence in their study, whereas researchers of the IPCC formulated statements are based on computational results, which filtered out the tremendous influence of cloud formation because it simply didn’t fit their theory. “That is why those models give a very small natural temperature change leaving a very large change for the contribution of the greenhouse gases in the observed temperature,” The report said. Instead, their findings point out that low cloud formations are responsible for climate change, they claim. “The changes in the low cloud cover fraction practically control the global temperature.” These findings corroborate well with a report by researchers from the University of Kobe in Japan, published on June 28, entitled, “Revealing the impact of cosmic rays on the Earth’s climate,” that also states that cloud formations—that often go unnoticed by regularly used computing models—make up for the most part of climate change. Dit bericht bekijken op Instagram A new study conducted by a Finnish research team has found little evidence to support the idea of man-made climate change. The results of the study were soon corroborated by researchers in Japan In a paper published late last month, entitled ‘No experimental evidence for the significant anthropogenic climate change’, a team of scientists at Turku University in Finland determined that current climate models fail to take into account the effects of cloud coverage on global temperatures, causing them to overestimate the impact of human-generated greenhouse gasses Models used by official bodies such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) “cannot compute correctly the natural component included in the observed global temperature,” the study said, adding that “a strong negative feedback of the clouds is missing” in the models Adjusting for the cloud coverage factor and accounting for greenhouse gas emissions, the researchers found that mankind is simply not having much of an effect on the Earth’s temperature If we pay attention to the fact that only a small part of the increased CO2 concentration is anthropogenic, we have to recognize that the anthropogenic climate change does not exist in practice Link: https://www.rt.com/news/464051-finnish-study-no-evidence-warming/ Link to Finnish Study on Slide 5: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1907.00165.pdf Link to Japanese Study on Slide 6: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190703121407.htm #climatechange #justredpills Een bericht gedeeld door Red Pills (@justredpills) op 13 Jul 2019 om 10:34 (PDT) Prof. Masayuki Hyodo and his team Yusuke Ueno, Tianshui Yang, and Shigehiro Katoh from the University of Kobe theorize that cloud formation is dependent on the earth’s receptivity of galactic cosmic rays, which is in inversely proportional to the power of the earth’s magnetic field. The Kobe team argues that 780,000 years ago, earth witnessed a similar magnetic low which caused a correspondingly high amount of cosmic rays to reach the surface. This, in turn, spurred powerful windstorms and dust storms which in turn provoked more cloud activity, resulting in an “umbrella effect.” Or, in their own words: “When galactic cosmic rays increased during the Earth’s last geomagnetic reversal transition 780,000 years ago, the umbrella effect of low-cloud cover led to high atmospheric pressure in Siberia, causing the East Asian winter monsoon to become stronger. This is evidence that galactic cosmic rays influence changes in the Earth’s climate.” IPCC advocates have, in turn, criticized the Turku report for not being peer-reviewed and also argued that the Finnish team admittedly rejected climate computing models, although their own report relied on such models. Non-peer-reviewed manuscript incorrectly claims natural cloud changes explain global warming Many blogs covered this paper without any factchecking (incl. Infowars, Zerohedge, wattsupwiththat, Sputnik, RT, NaturalNews…) Scientists’ review: https://t.co/Fyz4cpqmvT — Climate Feedback (@ClimateFdbk) July 12, 2019 The theory of human influence on CO2 levels in the atmosphere and its effect on climate change faces ongoing scientific and political debate for the years to come. From NTD News'

Apollo 11 computer 100,000 times less powerful than iPhone used to mine Bitcoin

Space Best World News

The first moon landing is still considered one of mankind's greatest achievements nearly half a century after Neil Armstrong took his first step off the Apollo 11 spacecraft.But it is perhaps even more impressive when you consider that the computer
'The first moon landing is still considered one of mankind's greatest achievements nearly half a century after Neil Armstrong took his first step off the Apollo 11 spacecraft.But it is perhaps even more impressive when you consider that the computer on board Apollo 11 was less powerful than the smartphone in your pocket.The Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) was the primary computer for controlling the guidance and navigation systems on the Apollo 11 spacecraft.It was one of the first computers to use integrated circuits, so instead of filling an entire room, it squeezed into a box just a couple of feet in size.The AGC didn't have a processor as we know it, but it instead used around 5,600 electronic gates that allowed it to perform operations at 0.043 MHz – roughly 40,000 a second.To put that in context, the latest iPhone's processor is estimated to run at about 2490 MHz – over 100,000 times more than the Apollo 11's computer.Moreover, the AGC had just 2048 words of memory that could be used to store \'temporary results\', which is equivalent to 32,768 bits of RAM (Random Access Memory) in today's terms.It also had 72KB of Read Only Memory (ROM), which is equivalent to 589,824 bits.This memory is programmed and cannot be changed once it is finalised.By comparison, the latest phones typically have 4GB of RAM.That is 34,359,738,368 bits – more than a million times more memory than the Apollo computer had in RAM.The iPhone also has up to 512GB of ROM memory, or 4,398,046,511,104 bits – seven million times more than that of the guidance computer.In fact, the AGC was closer in power to a classic calculator than a smartphone, according to Graham Kendall, Professor of Computer Science at the University of Nottingham.Texas Instruments' TI-73 calculator, released in 1998, had 512GB of RAM, 256KB of ROM and a processing speed of 6MHz.That's slightly less ROM, but eight times more RAM than the AGC.With regard to processing speed, the TI-73 was 140 times faster than the Apollo computer. \'It's mind-blowing to think about that a simple calculator, designed to help students decades ago pass their exams, was more powerful than the computer that landed man on the moon,\' said Prof Kendall in an article for The Conversation . A team of computer historians recently got their hands on one of the original AGCs and managed to bring it back to life.A member of the team, Ken Shirriff, then decided to see if the computer could be put to a more 21st Century use – mining Bitcoin.The process involves generating trillions of random numerical sequences until the correct one is found, which results in a block being successfully mined.Shirriff succeeded in getting the AGC to run a Bitcoin mining program.However, he concluded that it would take 4×10^23 seconds on average for it to find a block.That's about a billion times as long as the entire age of the universe, which scientists have calculated to be around 13.8 billion years old.In other words, it would take the machine well over a quintillion years (a billion billion) to mine a single Bitcoin block. \'The Apollo program cost 25.4 billion dollars as of 1973, equivalent to about 150 billion dollars today,\' said Shirriff in a blog post . \'The current market cap of Bitcoin is 200 billion dollars, so if NASA had been mining Bitcoins, they could have paid for the whole Apollo program and still had money left over. \'One flaw in this plan is the Apollo Guidance Computer's low performance, since mining a block would take much more than the lifetime of the universe.\' Source: Read Full Article . The post Apollo 11 computer 100,000 times less powerful than iPhone used to mine Bitcoin appeared first on Best World News .'