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Saudi Arabia May Execute Teenager for His Protests — Including When He Was 10

News The Intercept

Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has overseen an escalation in violent crackdowns on political protest.It's getting even worse.
'Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman ahead of the Islamic Summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, on June 1, 2019.Photo: Amr Nabil/AP In 2011, as Arab Spring protests swept across the Middle East, demonstrations also kicked off in Saudi Arabia’s oil-rich Eastern Province.Members of the kingdom’s repressed Shiite minority took to the streets, calling for equal rights and a fairer distribution of oil revenues.The protesters included a group of around 30 kids on bicycles.As a video released last week by CNN shows, those children were led by a smiling 10-year-old in flip-flops named Murtaja Qureiris. “The people demand human rights!” the young boy can be seen shouting through a megaphone.Here’s the problem: Demanding human rights in Saudi Arabia lands you in prison.Even if you’re a kid.Three years later, in September 2014, 13-year-old Murtaja was arrested while on his way to neighboring Bahrain with his family. “At the time,” reports CNN , “he was considered by lawyers and activists to be the youngest known political prisoner in Saudi Arabia.Over the past four years, say  human rights groups, this teenager has been subjected to torture and intimidation, as well as a spell in solitary confinement.He has been denied access to a lawyer while interrogators try to get him to confess to the trumped-up charges against him.These include “participating in anti-government protests, attending the funeral of his brother Ali Qureiris who was killed in a protest in 2011, joining a ‘terrorist organization,’ throwing Molotov cocktails at a police station, and firing at security forces,” according to Amnesty International . Last week, we learned that Saudi prosecutors are seeking the death penalty for 18-year-old Murtaja, who is being tried in an anti-terror court.CNN reports that the prosecutors want to “impose the harshest form of the death penalty, which may include crucifixion or dismemberment after execution.” Got that?The unelected government of a close ally of the United States is planning on brutally executing an 18-year-old member of a minority group, for crimes allegedly committed when he was 10 years old.Let me repeat: Ten.Years.Old.We shouldn’t forget the person who is primarily responsible for this outrage: Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, or MBS.Since his father installed him in power, the violent crushing of political dissent has escalated.According to the CIA , MBS ordered the horrific murder of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.He is also behind the  targeting  of three Arab activists in Norway, Canada, and the United States.Much has (rightly) been made of the crown prince’s shocking record on extrajudicial killings.But what of the growing number of judicially sanctioned killings inside of Saudi Arabia on his watch?The planned execution of Murtaja Qureiris may be the most horrendous act yet. “There should be no doubt that the Saudi Arabian authorities are ready to go to any length to crack down on dissent against their own citizens, including by resorting to the death penalty for men who were merely boys at the time of their arrest,” says  Lynn Maalouf, Middle East research director at Amnesty International.The Gulf kingdom is one of the world’s top executioners and, according to Maalouf, Saudi authorities have “a chilling track record of using the death penalty as a weapon to crush political dissent and punish anti-government protesters — including children — from the country’s persecuted Shi’a minority.” The majority of the country, and the ruling family, are from a strict school of Sunni Islam called Salafism.In April, 37 people were executed in a single day  — the biggest mass execution in the kingdom since 2016 — and the vast majority of them were believed to be Shiites.Three of them, according to human rights group Reprieve , were “minors at the time of their alleged offences.” Such executions, as both Reprieve and Amnesty International have noted, are a brazen violation of international human rights law.Another three Saudi Shiites  — Ali al-Nimr, Dawood al-Marhoon, and Abdullah al-Zaher — who were also below the age of 18 at the time of their alleged crimes, are still on death row and could be executed at anytime.It isn’t just Shiites, either.MBS has also targeted Sunni clerics who have failed to fall into line.There have been reports that the belligerent and thin-skinned crown prince plans on executing three high-profile Saudi religious scholars — Salman al-Odah, Awad al-Qarni, and Ali al-Omari — all of whom have been held on multiple charges of “terrorism.” 62-year-old Odah is famous in the Arab world for his relatively progressive views on Islam and homosexuality and his 2007 denunciation of Osama bin Laden.His actual “crime”? Tweeting a prayer for reconciliation between Saudi Arabia and its Gulf rival, the Emirate of Qatar. (Full disclosure: I host two TV shows for Qatar-funded Al Jazeera English.) Supporters of MBS often try and argue that these executions are the product of decisions made in court, not in the royal palace.This is a laughable defense.The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy.There is no independent judiciary . As CNN reports, “The death penalty can only be enforced by order of King Salman or his authorized representative.Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is frequently characterized as the King’s deputy.” Forget MBS the reformer ; meet MBS the executioner . The fact that he has been embraced closely by everyone from Donald Trump to Emmanuel Macron to Theresa May should be a source of shame for those of us living in the West.To quote  former Obama-era National Security Council spokesperson Tommy Vietor, MBS is “Kim Jong Un with oil money.” . The post Saudi Arabia May Execute Teenager for His Protests — Including When He Was 10 appeared first on The Intercept .'

Vietnam Vet Who Dropped Out to Join Army Gets High School Diploma 50 years Later

Politics Epeak World News

Army Sgt.George H.Schaefer, Jr. was a junior in high school when he dropped out, unwilling to wait until graduation to join the military and serve the country in the Vietnam War.Schaefer had no regrets about leaving behind his classmates at
'Army Sgt.George H.Schaefer, Jr. was a junior in high school when he dropped out, unwilling to wait until graduation to join the military and serve the country in the Vietnam War.Schaefer had no regrets about leaving behind his classmates at Overbrook High School in Pine Hill in January 1969.At a time when the country was bitterly divided on the war and many were burning their draft cards, he volunteered to enlist in the Army, over the objections of his parents who wanted him to first get his diploma. \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t.bsaProContainer-1 {\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdisplay: none;\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t}\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t “I just felt obligated to serve my country,” Schaefer, 67, who lives in Pine Hill, said in an interview Thursday. “I always wanted to be a soldier.” After basic training at Fort Dix, Schaefer, then 17, was sent to Fort Lewis in Washington and then shipped out to Vietnam.He was part of the legendary “last in, first out” 25th Infantry Division of ground troops deployed on some of the toughest assignments.Schaefer and 115 other soldiers were sent Tây Ninh Province of Vietnam atop Nui Ba Den, the Black Virgin Mountain where they lived in bunkers and faced intense fighting.He described the experience as “horrific.” An 18-year-old soldier begging for his mother died in his arms. “It was horrible.It was war,” Schaefer said. ” It was very scary.” Back home, his class graduated without him in June 1969 as the war continued and more than 58,000 American soldiers were killed.Schaefer earned a GED while in the service, but always had a nagging desire to receive a diploma from what should have been his alma mater. \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t.bsaProContainer-1 {\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdisplay: none;\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t}\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t In the year that marks the 50th anniversary of his graduation, Schaefer will march with the Class of 2019 onto the football field Monday night to finally receive a high school diploma.He will address the 170 graduates, thanking them for allowing him to participate in their commencement. “This is fulfillment.This completes a part of my life that I didn’t have,” Schaefer said.It is the first time that the South Jersey school district, which enrolls about 1,870 students in pre-K through 12th grade, has awarded a diploma under such circumstances, said Principal Adam Lee.He wants more service members who missed their graduations to seek their diplomas. \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t.bsaProContainer-1 {\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdisplay: none;\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t}\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t “I think he deserves to be recognized,” said Lee, who was born three years after Schaefer’s class graduated. “To be able to do anything for our veterans is super exciting.” There are about 340,000 veterans in New Jersey, including about 100,000 from the state who served in Vietnam, statistics show.Nationwide, there are about 20.8 million veterans.An admitted procrastinator, Schaefer finally decided last December to pursue his “bucket list” quest.He had hoped his class would have a 50th reunion, but many have died and that hasn’t happened.So, he made an appeal in a hand-written letter addressed to the president of the this year’s Overbrook senior class. “I am asking you and the Class of 2019 if you will allow me to fulfill my dream and finally graduate,” Schaefer wrote. “It would be an honor.” The seniors, who come from Pine Hill, Berlin Township and Clementon, welcomed adding Schaefer to their processional, said Class Advisor Jen Kohri.Schaefer will receive the first diploma handed out.Commencement will be held on the grounds of a new building.Schaefer’s class of 1969 was the last to graduate from the school he attended, which is now a middle school.Class President Maurice Wade met Schaefer at graduation practice Friday and was impressed.Schaefer’s presence will enhance Monday’s ceremony, he said. “I felt like it was a great honor having him,” said Wade, 18, of Pine Hill, who plans to attend Howard University as a biology major. “He’s a great person, very genuine.” Schaefer, the third of 10 children, was born on Christmas Day in 1951 in Camden.The family moved to Clementon when he was 10.His father, George Sr., owned a gas station in Cherry Hill, and his mother, Theresa, raised the family.His brother, Mark, joined the Marines four months earlier, but when George wanted to drop out and enlist, too, his parents objected.Education was important to the couple and they wanted him to finish school.When George persisted, the couple reluctantly surrendered and agreed to sign his enlistment papers.The couple believed that a knee injury would ultimately keep George out of the military.They were wrong. “I went up and I passed the physical,” Schaefer said. “Away I went.” Schaefer said serving in Vietnam was tougher than he expected.Young and idealistic, he believed that nothing bad could happen to him.He saw men he called brother, die around him.Others were wounded or suffered trauma like Schaefer that left permanent mental and emotional scars. “You don’t realize how devastating war really is,” Schaefer said.His fellow soldiers were disturbed by news accounts back home that many Americans were opposed to the war, and realized that “the only support we had was each other” he said.Despite that, Schaefer signed up for a second tour of duty in Vietnam.Two younger brothers, Matthew and Christopher, also enlisted in the military years later.About 2.8 million Americans served in Vietnam.Schaefer said he was disappointed by the treatment Vietnam veterans received when they came home.They were widely scorned and blamed for the increasingly unpopular war. “How can you go to war and soldiers die in your arms and you come home and everyone is against you?” Schaefer said. “It was absolutely terrible.” Schaefer was honorably discharged on Nov. 5, 1971.He returned to South Jersey and worked as a mechanic at his father’s gas station and later a car dealership.He reconnected with his childhood sweetheart, Marianne, a medical assistant.They met when she was 11 and he was 14.After dating for several months, the couple married.They never had children.In 2006, George underwent a liver transplant at the University of Pennsylvania Hospital.Schaefer and 40 percent of his unit contracted Hepatitis C in Vietnam after drinking contaminated water.Years later, the disease damaged his liver and left him 100 percent disabled.Schaefer said Marianne, his wife of 47 years, got him through the surgeries and tough times.She pushed him to write to Overbrook to request his diploma.During a visit to the school Thursday, Schaefer tried on his cap and gown in the school colors — navy blue and burnt orange.He brought momentos from the military — his helmet, scribbled with messages, medals and Vietnamese currency. “I think now I’ll alway be a member of this school,” Schaefer said.The state Department of Military and Veterans Affairs helped Schaefer obtain his diploma through the “Operation Recognition” program.New Jersey awarded Schaefer the Distinguished Service Medal, the state’s highest military award.He also received a Vietnam Service Medal.Schaefer hopes the idea catches on around the country and more Vietnam veterans will get their diplomas and recognition for their service.About 20 percent of those who served in Vietnam did not have a high school education when they enlisted.He said his two-year stint in the Army “made him a better person.” “I try to do the right thing,” Schaefer said. “I just try to be a better human being.” This article is written by Melanie Burney from The Philadelphia Inquirer and was legally licensed via the Tribune Content Agency through the NewsCred publisher network.Please direct all licensing questions to legal@newscred.com . Show Full Article © Copyright 2019 The Philadelphia Inquirer.All rights reserved.This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.Source link . The post Vietnam Vet Who Dropped Out to Join Army Gets High School Diploma 50 years Later appeared first on EPeak World News .'

Iran attacks leave Trump and aides divided, with no clear strategy

Politics Epeak World News

To retaliate or show restraint?Toughen sanctions or negotiate?The US administration, divided between hard-line hawks and a Donald Trump who fears plunging the country into another “endless” war, is struggling to define its strategy against Iran — as
'To retaliate or show restraint?Toughen sanctions or negotiate?The US administration, divided between hard-line hawks and a Donald Trump who fears plunging the country into another “endless” war, is struggling to define its strategy against Iran — as demonstrated by its uncertain response to recent developments in the Gulf of Oman. \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t.bsaProContainer-1 {\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdisplay: none;\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t}\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t Here is what we know about the US response and administration thinking. – How has the US reacted to the attacks? – \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t It took only hours for Washington to directly accuse Tehran of being “responsible” for the attacks Thursday against two oil tankers.The incident had Iran “written all over it,” Trump said Friday, rejecting Tehran’s denial of any such role.The president pointed to a video that purports to show a patrol boat of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards pulling alongside one of the tankers to remove an unexploded limpet mine from the ship’s hull.But the US condemnations were not followed by threats of any immediate retaliation.That represented a degree of restraint by an administration that has been steadily tightening economic and diplomatic sanctions against Iran, and which last month stepped up its “maximum pressure” campaign with new deployments of ships, bombers and troops to the region. \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t.bsaProContainer-1 {\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdisplay: none;\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t}\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t – War of words, or just plain war? – “The situation between the US and Iran is becoming increasingly dangerous,” tweeted Colin Kahl, a former Obama administration national security advisor now at Stanford University in California.Both sides could “easily… slide into a war they claim they want to avoid,” he said. \t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t.bsaProContainer-1 {\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdisplay: none;\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t}\t\t\t\t\t\t\t \t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t Between the continuing war of words and the recent escalation, numerous observers and US allies fear an incident could degenerate into open conflict.But Aaron David Miller, a former negotiator in both Democratic and Republican administrations, does not see the recent attacks as “sufficient for a casus belli.” “If, in the wake of this incident, the Trump administration chose to strike Iranian vessels directly, or the Iranian mainland, or Iranian forces in Iraq and Syria, or in Yemen, you have zero support,” said Miller, now a Middle East expert at the Wilson Center think tank. – A ‘focus on diplomacy’ – Trump, for his part, has made it abundantly clear: He does not want to embroil the country’s military in another costly and “endless” war like those in Afghanistan and Iraq.If acting US defense secretary Patrick Shanahan has expressed a determination to “defend our forces and our interests around the world,” he has also reiterated that Washington “does not seek conflict.” Pentagon spokesmen have stressed that neither American interests nor personnel have yet been attacked — making it an issue affecting global maritime traffic that should be settled at the international level. “We have an international situation there in the Middle East, it’s not a US situation,” Shanahan told reporters on Friday, saying the administration was united in seeking an “international consensus to this international problem.” But it is no secret that the president’s national security advisor, John Bolton, has taken far more aggressive positions.Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is also considered a hawk on Iran, even if he has attempted to hew to Trump’s more restrained line. – What does Trump want? – Beyond the question of how to respond to the recent attacks, a much larger question remains: What exactly is the concrete objective of the American pressure strategy against Iran?Last year Trump pulled the US out of the multinational 2015 accord that was designed to prevent Tehran from producing nuclear weapons.He was harshly critical of the pact, negotiated during the Obama presidency, and said he wanted to compel the Islamic Republic to accept much more stringent restrictions on its nuclear program and to cease any “destabilizing” behavior in the Middle East.In recent weeks, even as his teams were cranking up the economic, diplomatic and military pressure on Iran, the president has issued repeated calls for direct dialogue with Iranian leaders.But with supreme Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei flatly refusing to talk, Trump seems uncertain how to proceed. “I personally feel that it is too soon to even think about making a deal,” the president said Thursday on Twitter, before again on Friday repeating his invitation: “We want to get them back to the table if they want to go back,” he said on the “Fox & Friends” program. “I’m ready when they are.Whenever they’re ready, I’m OK.” “The real problem is that there is no endgame in the administration’s strategy,” said Miller. “Regime collapse or change is fantastical right now.” Miller sees a disturbing lack of clarity in the administration’s approach. “What’s the purpose of the sanctions?” the former diplomat asked. “Is it to destroy the Iranian economy?Or is it a serious effort to drag the Iranians into the negotiations and produce a better outcome than what Obama got?” “I don’t believe that this administration is prepared to (make) the kind of concessions that the Iranians would demand in a serious negotiation.” Related Links Learn about nuclear weapons doctrine and defense at SpaceWar.com Learn about missile defense at SpaceWar.com All about missiles at SpaceWar.com Learn about the Superpowers of the 21st Century at SpaceWar.com Thanks for being here; We need your help.The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook – our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline.And unlike so many other news sites, we don’t have a paywall – with those annoying usernames and passwords.Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.SpaceDaily Contributor $5 Billed Once credit card or paypal SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter $5 Billed Monthly paypal only US blacklists Iraq firm as Revolutionary Guard guns front Washington (AFP) June 12, 2019 The US Treasury placed Iraq-based South Wealth Resources on its sanctions blacklist Wednesday, saying the company is an important weapons trafficking and financial front for Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.The Treasury said the company, Manabea Tharwat al-Janoob General Trading Company, was used by the IRGC to smuggle “hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth” of weapons to IRGC allies in Iraq.South Wealth Resources has also helped move millions of dollars to Iraq “for illicit financia … read more Source link . The post Iran attacks leave Trump and aides divided, with no clear strategy appeared first on EPeak World News .'

Elizabeth Warren wrote AOC's entry in the Time 100

Politics Boing Boing

Fast rising Democratic Presidential candidate and US Senator from the state of Massachusetts, Elizabeth Warren wrote Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez entry in Time Magazine's list of 2019's most influential leaders. Time : The year 2008 was a reckoning.
'Fast rising Democratic Presidential candidate and US Senator from the state of Massachusetts, Elizabeth Warren wrote Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez entry in Time Magazine's list of 2019's most influential leaders. Time : The year 2008 was a reckoning. While millions of Americans lost their livelihoods to Wall Street’s greed, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez lost her dad to lung cancer, and her family fell off a financial cliff. She watched as our government bailed out Wall Street while it ignored families like hers. She learned the hard way that in America today, Washington protects the powerful while leaving hardworking people behind. Her commitment to putting power in the hands of the people is forged in fire. Coming from a family in crisis and graduating from school with a mountain of debt, she fought back against a rigged system and emerged as a fearless leader in a movement committed to demonstrating what an economy, a planet and a government that works for everyone should look like. A year ago, she was taking orders across a bar. Today, millions are taking cues from her. She reminds all of us that even while greed and corruption slow our progress, even while armies of lobbyists swarm Washington, in our democracy, true power still rests with the people. And she’s just getting started. Warren, a Senator from Massachusetts, is a Democratic presidential candidate'

Uber's Plan To Deliver McDonald's Hamburgers By Drone

IT Slashdot

An anonymous reader quotes the Washington Post:The company's new initiative -- a collaborative effort between its Uber Eats and Uber Elevate divisions -- began with tests in San Diego using fast food meals from McDonald's, but could expand to
'An anonymous reader quotes the Washington Post:The company's new initiative -- a collaborative effort between its Uber Eats and Uber Elevate divisions -- began with tests in San Diego using fast food meals from McDonald's, but could expand to include a local fine-dining restaurant called Juniper and Ivy, the company said. Uber intends to roll out commercial food delivery using drones in the same city this summer, with a fee structure that mimics Uber Eats current pricing, according to Bloomberg Businessweek, which first reported the company's plan.. \'We've been working closely with the FAA to ensure that we're meeting requirements and prioritizing safety,\' Uber Elevate's Luke Fischer, the company's head of flight operations, said in a statement. \'From there, our goal is to expand Uber Eats drone delivery so we can provide more options to more people at the tap of a button. We believe that Uber is uniquely positioned to take on this challenge as we're able to leverage the Uber Eats network of restaurant partners and delivery partners as well as the aviation experience and technology of Uber Elevate.\' How will Uber's drone delivery service work? After a restaurant loads a meal into a drone and the robot takes to the air, the company's technology will notify a nearby Uber Eats driver at a designated drop-off location, the company said. The driver will pick up and hand deliver the meal to the customer the same way the service currently operates. But in the future, Uber said, the company would like to land drones atop parked vehicles near delivery locations \'through QR code correspondence.\' Once that happens, the last-mile leg of delivery would be completed by the Uber Eats driver who would hand-deliver the order. Read more of this story at Slashdot.'

University partnerships enable crucial NOAA climate research

Climate Grist.org

Climate change research? In this political environment??
'This story was originally published by High Country News and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration. For the past two decades, seafaring scientists from Oregon State University have set out from the Newport, Oregon, harbor to collect data. Tracing ocean trenches and undersea mountains, their heavy equipment dips into the water taking measurements of the current, the ocean temperature, and zooplankton levels. The data helps researchers understand how climate change affects the marine food chain and can predict what the fishing season will look like. The Oregon State study, and others like it, carry on — despite the Trump administration’s ongoing efforts to roll back environmental protections , remove the United States from international climate treaties, and cast doubts on climate science . Decades-long research programs like Oregon State University’s Cooperative Institute for Marine Resource Studies continue thanks to independent university partnerships with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which funds projects, keeping them surprisingly insulated from politics. Throughout the country, there are 16 similar cooperative institutes, partnered with 43 universities, according to Monica Allen, a spokeswoman for NOAA. These institutes and the projects they conduct help NOAA meet its mission “to understand and predict changes in climate, weather, oceans and coasts,” Allen said in a written statement. The resulting work allows NOAA to share results with others to conserve and manage coastal and marine ecosystems and resources. One project has tracked the frequency of coastal floods and extreme weather events; another works closely with the National Weather Service, housed within NOAA. Another, led by researchers at the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmospheric Sciences (JISAO) at the University of Washington, tracks carbon emissions as they dissipate from the atmosphere into the oceans and how climate variability ultimately affects fish populations. “We know CO2 concentrations are rising every year, and we know humans are responsible for the combustion of fossil fuels,” said Nicholas Bond, principal research scientist with JISAO. The university system partnerships make it possible for NOAA to focus on research projects specifically tailored to tracking atmospheric changes or marine needs, according to Michael Banks, director of the CIMRS at Oregon State University. “The university system is a lot more flexible,” Banks said. “It’s not a big, slow, grinding engine.” But while the climate research continues despite political threats to science, Uma Bhatt, director of the Cooperative Institute for Alaska Research (CIFAR) at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, perceives a subtle shift. Bhatt has not noticed researchers muzzling their findings, but she worries about a slow strain on the scientific community. “I do feel like people think they have to be careful how they communicate things,” Bhatt said. “Although we’ve found a way to keep doing our good work.” For many working in university partnerships, the frustration in conducting climate science comes not from whether or not the research gets done, but from worries about what might happen to their findings. “It’s kind of frustrating that it hasn’t lit more of a fire with policymakers,” Bond said. For the leading researchers involved in the university cooperatives, there is no debate around whether or not climate change is occurring but rather how fast and how devastating the warming will be. “The problem is not documenting it. The problem comes when people start discussing what are we going to do about it,” Bhatt said. This story was originally published by Grist with the headline University partnerships enable crucial NOAA climate research on Jun 16, 2019.'

Exclusive: Boeing seeking to reduce scope, duration of some…

Business Business Breaking News

PARIS (Reuters) – Boeing Co engineers are reducing the scope and duration of certain costly physical tests used to certify the planemaker’s new aircraft, according to industry sources and regulatory officials. FILE PHOTO: The Boeing logo is pictured
'PARIS (Reuters) – Boeing Co engineers are reducing the scope and duration of certain costly physical tests used to certify the planemaker’s new aircraft, according to industry sources and regulatory officials. FILE PHOTO: The Boeing logo is pictured at the Latin American Business Aviation Conference & Exhibition fair (LABACE) at Congonhas Airport in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Aug. 14, 2018. REUTERS/Paulo Whitaker/File Photo But the strategy could be at risk if regulators and U.S. lawmakers probing two deadly Boeing plane crashes require even more rigorous safety tests before certifying new aircraft as passenger-worthy. As Boeing kicks off the year-long flight testing process on its new 777X, its engineers will cut hours off airborne testing by using computer models to simulate flight conditions, and then present the results to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) as part of the basis for certification, according to two people with direct knowledge of the strategy. Reuters could not determine when Boeing decided to move forward with the plan to cut back on physical tests or the extent to which it planned to reduce them for the 777X. For Boeing’s proposed twin-aisle jetliner, known internally as NMA, Boeing’s Test & Evaluation group is developing the technology to replace costly and labor intensive physical safety tests used for decades – such as using machines to bend the wings to extreme angles and shaking the fuselage until it cracks – with computer modeling, according to three people with knowledge of the matter, including an FAA official. Such work for the NMA is in the conceptual phase, though Boeing’s goal is to expand “certification by analysis” as “extensively as they possibly can” to slash development costs, one of the people told Reuters. Doing so enhances a finely balanced business case for launching NMA, which would be the first aircraft fully developed in the digital age. Boeing spokesman Paul Bergman declined to comment on the company’s testing strategy for the 777X or the NMA, but said the planemaker was “looking holistically at our design and certification processes” following the 737 MAX crashes in Ethiopia and Indonesia, which together killed 346 people. “This includes participating in ongoing independent government reviews and establishing a new board committee to review our end-to-end design and certification processes,” Bergman said. When asked whether the FAA would allow Boeing to eliminate an array of physical tests for NMA and 777X, FAA spokesman Lynn Lunsford said the agency “makes determinations on a case-by-case basis, relying on data and decades of experience in certifying aircraft.” Current regulations allow planemakers to use physical testing and analysis to demonstrate compliance. Like the MAX, the NMA and 777X – which Boeing is racing to deliver in 2020 – are centerpieces in Boeing’s duel with Airbus SE and will influence how Boeing decides to manufacture and certify an eventual 737 MAX replacement. How quickly and at what cost the new planes are delivered to customers is critical to not just Boeing’s bottom line, but also the U.S. Congressional budget. In February 2018, Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg touted the company’s “streamlining certifications” effort at an industry conference, saying it was “an item we want to keep on the leading edge.” While Boeing declined to elaborate on what Muilenburg meant by “streamlining,” people familiar with the matter said it includes lobbying for more limited direct FAA oversight and expanding the use of digital analysis over costlier physical testing to show regulatory compliance. Like Boeing, Airbus and other manufacturing heavyweights are working to seize technological leaps in computerized engineering methods and tools that bridge the real and virtual world, and improve factory floor efficiency. Airbus declined to comment. Five people familiar with the matter said Boeing believes that new technology and decades of testing experience have rendered some physical tests redundant for demonstrating safety. For example, when vibrating a fuselage on an enormous platform to expose weaknesses – known as fatigue testing – the vast majority of the time the tool itself breaks instead of the airframe, according to a person with knowledge of past tests. Such work is costly and has reliably confirmed engineers’ expectations, he added. HURDLES The strategy to streamline plane certifications faces hurdles in the coming months as the FAA and other global regulators investigate whether Boeing’s processes are flawed after the MAX crashes, and as the Chicago-based planemaker seeks to reassure the flying public that its jetliners are safe. Teal Group aerospace analyst Richard Aboulafia said the probes may trigger push-back against digital certification, even if there is no evidence it is unsafe. “A headlong rush right now might not be best from an optics standpoint,” Aboulafia said. The FAA declined to speculate on potential post-probe certification changes, but said it will “consider any and all recommendations that might help improve the process.” Boeing’s internal review has uncovered nothing that caused it to shift its certification approach, Muilenburg and Boeing CFO Greg Smith told journalists in recent weeks. Under current regulations, Boeing employees act as the FAA’s eyes and ears and complete much of the detailed certification work. For example, as Boeing works to certify the 777X, engineers were catching glitches using a scaled-down cockpit mockup known internally as ‘airplane zero’ in a Seattle-area lab as recently as February. But an FAA official with knowledge of the matter said that Boeing has not issued reports directly to external FAA officials as of early this month. That contrasts with Boeing’s original 777 development in the 1990s, when the FAA required Boeing to build a cockpit replica to conduct tests designed to weed out safety risks lurking in the 777 designs, and granular results were reported directly to the FAA for months, the official said. Despite advances in computing power, some experts argue old-school physical tests are categorically better because they can produce unpredictable results, said one industry certification expert. “Test has changed for the company from being a place of discovery to being mostly to validate what we thought we knew,” said Rick Ludtke, a former Boeing 737 MAX engineer. Additional reporting by Tim Hepher in Paris, and David Shepardson in Washington; Editing by Tracy Rucinski and Edward Tobin'

Kim Kardashian wore Vetements to announce a new initiative at the White House

Lifestyle Emirates Woman

Ultimate power suit.
'Ultimate power suit.Kim Kardashian West continues to advocate for prison reform in the US with her recent visit to the White House.Kim Kardashian West spoke at a White House event on felons re-entering the workforce: “These people want to work.They want the best outcome.” She thanked Pres.Trump for “standing behind this issue.” https://t.co/qxkJEoRglF pic.twitter.com/S2ytb4hPRT — ABC News (@ABC) June 13, 2019 Standing alongside president Donald Trump, the reality TV star (who has taken on a four-year law apprenticeship with a goal of taking the bar in 2022) was dressed in an oversized green suit from Vetements that she styled with a Hermes Birkin bag.Second Chance Hiring & Re-entry event at the White House today pic.twitter.com/kEUgqITmIE — Kim Kardashian West (@KimKardashian) June 13, 2019 She was in Washington to discuss her ride share partnership with Lyft –  transportation network company based in San Francisco, California – to give credit to recently released prisoners in order to help them get to and from job interviews. “Today, I’m honored to be a part of the announcement that the administration and the private sector are stepping up to create opportunities for these men and women to succeed once home,” she wrote on Twitter. “Proud to partner on this initiative with @Lyft, a company with a history of taking bold action to do what’s right for our community.” Kardashian West has become a regular at the White House.Notably last year she persuaded the president to to pardon 63-year-old grandmother Alice Marie Johnson who was serving a life sentence without parole for drug offences.Thank you @KimKardashian for your passionate advocacy of CJR and Second Chance hiring! pic.twitter.com/CMV1t1hoaO — Ivanka Trump (@IvankaTrump) June 14, 2019 She has continued to show passion for the law and is determined to create opportunities for those coming home from prison, writing on Twitter: “While I have been able to offer support to some of the individuals I have met, the obstacles to success are an everyday struggle for thousands and more needs to be done.” For more about Dubai’s lifestyle, news and fashion scene straight to your newsfeed, follow us on Facebook  Images: Twitter . The post Kim Kardashian wore Vetements to announce a new initiative at the White House appeared first on Emirates Woman .'